For most people living in East Timor, their lifestyle depended heavily on the maintenance and prosperity of the agricultural sector. For most people in East Timor, coffee production remains a source of additional income, with estimates from 2003 stating that about 200,000 people rely on coffee production and cultivation as their main source of income. Coffee production in East Timor takes place in a multitude of different areas, including the districts of Manufahi, Ainaro, and Liquica, which produce a large amount, along with the districts of Aileu and Bobonaro. However, coffee production in East Timor is mainly concentrated in the Ermera district, where, according to World Bank estimates, almost ½ of the nation's coffee is produced.
Quality of Timor Leste Coffee
Timor Leste coffee production accounts for less than 0.2% of the global coffee trade, yet remains in a unique and highly opportunistic position, given its position as the largest single-source organic coffee producer in the world. global. The National Cooperative Business Association describes emerging coffee as one of the best and most unique coffees in the world. This is largely the result of the fertile volcanic soils known as the "Hybrid of Timor", where coffee is grown. In addition, Alf Kramer, a leading coffee expert, described Timor's coffee as one of the top 1% in quality and price worldwide.
Timor hybrid, the Timorese hybrid coffee variant is the result of an unstructured cross between Coffea arabica (arabica coffee) and C. canephora (robusta coffee). This variant brings the qualities of the two types of coffee grown, including the ability to grow on much less fertile soil. By doing so, the mixture loses a quality quantity of the cup of the better considered and less strong type. Moreover, creating a unique blend that can remain among the harshest conditions in Timor, but which preserves the properties of coffee quality among the best in the world.