Coffee from Timor Leste


The spontaneous interspecific hybridization of Coffea canephora and Coffea arabica led to Timor hybrid coffee (robust coffee). The robust quality, which is roughly equivalent to the rest of the world’s coffee production, is less valuable but more resistant to pests and diseases, including the Hemileia Vastatrix fungus, which causes a devastating infection also known as coffee rust. Arabica, which is of superior quality and comes in dozens of varieties, accounts for more than 60% of the world’s coffee production. However, it is particularly susceptible to disease and in particular to the Hemileia Vastatrix fungus.

The Hybrido de Timor coffee plant variety, an interspecific hybrid of Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora, was originally found on the island of Timor in the 1940s. Due to their remarkable resistance to coffee leaf rust, a disease that affects the majority of coffee plant species, Timor Leste coffee plants were first grown.

In order to create the Catimor varietal (Coffea Arabica var. catimor), which is also resistant to coffee leaf rust, the Hybrido de Timor coffee plant variety was crossed with the Caturra varietal (Coffea Arabica var. caturra). Coffee from East Timor is rarely exported, and it might be challenging to locate wholesalers who stock green coffee beans.

A Typica coffee plantation, an Arabica variety, established in 1917 in what is now East Timor, yielded the Timor Hybrid in 1927. The seeds of this variety were first planted by local farmers in other Indonesian islands in the 1940s. Over the next two decades, they spread and attracted the attention of numerous specialized research facilities, which crossed arabica and robusta to create rust-resistant cultivars like the catimor and the sarchimor.

This restricts market access and raises the price of transportation and middlemen. Ineffective management, inadequate training, and changing weather patterns have all contributed to inefficient coffee production.

The majority of India’s coffee is produced in the hilly South Indian states of Karnataka (71% of the country’s total production; Kodagu alone produces 33% of it), Kerala (21%), and Tamil Nadu (5% of the overall production; 8,200 tons).

Most coffee from East Timor is wet-processed (this is the most valuable type of processing). In rural homes, the coffee beans are first toasted in a pan over an open flame before grinding; next, boiling water is poured over the ground coffee that has been wrapped in a filter cloth.

The best coffee beans in the world:

·   Tanzania Peaberry Coffee.

·   Hawaiian Kona Coffee.

·   Nicaraguan coffee.

·   Sumatra Mandheling Coffee.

·   Sulawesi Toraja Coffee.

·   MOCHA Java Coffee.

·   Artistic Ethiopian coffee.

·   Yirgacheffe Ethiopian coffee.

Despite political unrest and other factors, Timor’s coffee sector experienced a downturn. Nevertheless, coffee grown there was regarded as a classic coffee bean. International organizations have more recently helped Timor’s coffee sector, although political difficulties are still a major worry. The 44-chromosome Timor variety resembles the Arabica coffee plant. Tim Tim coffee, Bor Bor coffee, and Hybrid de Timor coffee are additional names for Timor Leste coffee.

Top 5 Flavors

·   French vanilla: As one of the most popular flavors in the world, vanilla fits perfectly with the bold flavor of coffee.

·   Caramel Macchiato: Steamed milk, espresso and caramel; What could be more enticing?

·   Pumpkin Spice: It’s the season to indulge in fall’s favorite flavor: pumpkin spice.

·   Mocha

·   Hazelnut