Central African Republic

Coffee is a small part of the conflicting economy in the Central African Republic (CAR), but the coffee trade, harvest cycles, and control of key markets play a vital role in shaping the country’s economic dynamics and conflicts.

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The profitable nature of the coffee trade creates grounds for discouragement for profiteering armed groups to take a serious part in the peace process.

For example, despite the signing of a peace agreement between the government and fourteen militia groups in February 2019, several of the signatory armed groups remain active in controlling roadblocks in the profitable Sudanese trade circuit.

Tracking the involvement of armed groups in the coffee and other conflict resources markets provides a strategic perspective on the moment – and how to prepare for the peaks of conflict between armed groups competing over prey.